The period of Carnival precedes Lent. The date of the movable feast of Easter each year is the one that determines the dates of the start and finish of feasts and rites which delimit these two periods.
The Carnival, unlike Lent, is a time of joyous moral freedom or relaxation, during which the rules of decent life are temporarily suspended. The world ‘turns upside down’ and reigns oblivion on everyday life: the taboos and prohibitions are cast aside and all deviations are allowed. The binge and some degree of release of morals are key cheer events in the days of carnival. The use of sexual and erotic symbols is often combined with traditional folk events of that period.
The celebrations of Carnival associated with the cycle of the seasons: people celebrate the spring for the light being reborn, for the end of winter, who was holding the light captured. The costumes and use of masks are integral elements of the carnival, as well as the procession of a dummy in the streets, followed by its killing by drowning, hanging or incineration. The manikin is usually a ridiculous ‘little man’ who call Carnival King made of old clothes stuffed with straw, into which are placed sometimes firecrackers or other fireworks.
In its traditional forms, during carnival celebration a customary symbolic funeral of the Carnival (impersonated by someone in disguise) takes place, meaning the end of the carefree period and the beginning of Lent.